Archaeological Impact Assessments and Heritage Management Plans


Energy Sector, 2014: Current project

Black Crystal, in collaboration with Environmental Resources Management International and Kaizen Consulting (Zambia), were awarded the Social Environmental Impact Assessment for the building of a Hydro-Electric Scheme in Batoka Gorge on the Zambezi River.

Housing Development, 2012-2014: Current project

Black Crystal was appointed to undertake a heritage and archaeological assessment for a large mixed use development planned on the outskirts of Harare. Key issues included: biodiversity and archeological resources which were incorporated into the land use plan. Recommendations were given for the collection and display of cultural resources and the protection of sacred sites.

World Wildlife Fund 2014

The World Wildlife Fund, working with the Environmental Management Agency and the Ministry of Environment, Water and Climate, are assisting with the RAMSAR process in Zimbabwe. Black Crystal assisted in the process by providing scientific data from an Archaeology and Paleontology survey that was undertaken in the Chinhyoi Caves area. The information will be used to update the RAMSAR Information Sheet for Chinhoyi Caves.

Energy Sector, 2013-2014

Black Crystal was appointed to undertake a tangible Cultural Heritage baseline study for the upgrading of Hwange Power Station (HPS). The study was carried out to assess how HPS impacts the cultural heritage in the study area, and to provide mitigation measures, that once implemented, will help ensure sustainable compliance with national laws and regulations and international best practices as they pertain to cultural heritage considerations and with the AfDB policy objectives.

Mixed Use Development, 2013

Black Crystal were responsible for the compilation an Archaeological assessment for the Environmental Prospectus for a mixed use development consisting of hotel, retail and private apartments located on the outskirts of the Central Business District.

Energy Sector, 2013

Black Crystal undertook an Archaeological assessment as part of the Environmental Prospectus report and an Environmental Impact Assessment report for a mini hydroelectric scheme in Honde Valley.

Mining Sector, 2012

Black Crystal was responsible for the collection of baseline Archaeological data of a quarry stone and agricultural lime mining operation. Recommendations were provided for management procedures and for social responsibility aspects.

Mining Sector, 2011

Black Crystal undertook an asessment of archaeological and heritage material in the likely footprint of the expanding goldmine as part of the Environmental Impact Assessment of Indarama gold mine. Following consultation of the records of known sites in the area, a preliminary investigation was undertaken of select parts of the claim area of Indarama Mine. Several previously unknown sites were located and recorded (GPS readings, surface descriptions, and photographs). Recommendations provided as to areas to be avoided and mitigation procedures.

Tourism Sector, 2011

Black Crystal was appointed to carry out an Archeological assessment as part of the Environmental Impact assessment for an upmarket photographic safari camp in a remote area of Hwange National Park.

Energy Sector, 2011

Black Crystal undertook an Archeological assessment as part of the Environmental Prospectus Report and Environmental Impact Assessment on a hydro-electric power scheme on the Pungwe River, Honde Valley.

Community Irrigation Scheme, 2011

Black Crystal were appointed to undertake an Archaeological assessment a part of a preliminary environmental impact report for a leading food security NGO involved in building the Mugondi-Musirizwi irrigation scheme in the Chipinge District.

Mining Sector, 2009

Black Crystal was appointed to undertake an assessment of the Archaeological, Historical and Cultural Sites on the project site. The study formed part of the Environmental Impact Assessment for a housing project for staff working at Unki Platinum Mine on Impali Source Farm, in Shurugwi.

Other Heritage Projects, 2006 - 2011

Czech Embassy, Seoul, South Korea, 2011

Editing of early Czech reports on Korea in the early Twentieth Century for publication as part of major Czech-Korean exhibition.

Czech Embassy, Seoul, South Korea, 2010

Editing of exhibition catalogue on the development of Zimbabwean art held in Seoul sponsored by the Czech and Austrian Embassies to Korea.

Haenertsburg Commonage, South Africa, 2008

An assessment of the archaeological settlements in this uniquely intact sourveld grassland commonage of the mountainous village of Haenertsburg in eastern Limpopo Province revealed several Later and Middle Stone Age sites as well as Iron Age villages and smelting furnaces associated with advent of the colonial process. This was included in their tourism package and as part of the village application to have the area declared a protected area, mainly on the basis of its ecology but also its heritage.

Botha Buthe Plateau, Lesotho, 2008

An assessment of the historical plateau occupied by Mosheshwe I, founder of the Basotho state, was undertaken for the Maloti-Drakensburg Transfrontier Park Lesotho funded by the Global Environment Facility, World Bank. Attention was given to verifying known historical sites that had been recorded as well as adding new ones to the database. On the basis of this and the heritage aspirations of the Lesotho government and local communities a suitable site management plan was drafted to ensure the preservation and integrity of this important heritage site where the Basotho nation was founded. Additional recommendations where drafted for the training of suitable guides, the creation of a regionally-oriented site museum, a community craft centre and relevant booklets.

Waterberry Lodge, Livingstone, Zambia, 2007

Project assessed heritage resources on this tourist resort on the banks of the Zambezi River upstream from Victoria Falls with the view of recording sites and making recommendations for the development of suitable walks and a mini-museum.

Great Zimbabwe Heritage Package, 2007

Inn on Great Zimbabwe (Inns of Zimbabwe Group), Masvingo, Zimbabwe. Community Projects Relating to Tourism.

2007 Barotseland Development Trust National Heritage Strategy, 2007

Kingdom of Lesotho for the Ministry of Culture.

Cultural Resource Assessment and Management Plan, 2007

Botha Buthe Plateau, Lesotho for the Maloti-Drakensburg Transfrontier Park, Lesotho.

German Embassy, Harare, 2007

Research and creation of poster display covering the travels and documents of Nineteenth Century German traveller Karl Mauch.

UNISA Honours Module on Heritage, 2006

On the request of the Archaeology Department of the University of South Africa, wrote the lecture manual for the new Honours Course in Heritage Management covering all aspects of this work in the region as a whole covering general principles, legal matters, case studies and assignments. Project required on the ground archaeological and historical assessment of the client’s properties as well as intensive archival research in Harare and Johannesburg to understand the precolonial history of the area. Material includes Sixteenth Century stone ruins, precolonial European travelers and hunters and late Bushmen communities. This material was later used by the client to develop a unique cultural tourism package.

Various Gold Mines, Zimbabwe 2005-6

Work required initial baseline studies followed by fieldwork to locate heritage sites in additional areas being developed and to provide an independent assessment as to their importance as well as mitigation procedures if required.

Mines included:

• New mine slimes dam, Shamva Mine, Zimbabwe, 2006

• New mine slimes dam, Jumbo Mine, Mazowe, Zimbabwe, 2006

• Proposed developments at Redwing Mine, Penhalonga, Zimbabwe, 2006

• One Step Mine, Battlefields, Zimbabwe. Gold Mine for Rio Tinto (Zimbabwe), 2005

• New mines, Arcturus Mine, Harare, Zimbabwe, 2005

• Midwinter Gold mine, Chegutu for Metallon Zimbabwe, 2005

Czech Embassy, Harare, 2005

Research (both on the ground and archival), publication and production of posters relating to the early Czech traveller Emil Holub who visited Botswana, Zimbabwe and Zambia in the 1880s. Work has included the development of a mini-museum at Mwandi in western Zambia; the editing and publication of his short stories by Mambo Press, Zimbabwe; research in Prague, Czech Republic where hitherto important material was uncovered; and several poster exhibitions and lectures.

Other Archaeological Impact Assessents and Heritage Management Plans

  • Zimbabwean IDP of the KAZA Transfrontier Initiative, 2009
  • Chundu Island, Zambezi, 2007
  • Mmabolela Estate, Limpopo Province, South Africa, 2005
  • Borrowdale Brooke Hotel complex, Harare, Zimbabwe, 2005